Born in 1903, William Showell was primarily influenced by the 1920s
Surrealism continued to develop in the 1920s and 1930s and focused on the human unconscious and Freudian theory. Important artists from this movement are Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico, André Breton, René Magritte and Paul Delvaux. Surrealism spread as an ideology throughout the world due to its cultural significance and became the central expressive mode of the 1920s. It was aided by the liberal characteristics of the Weimar Republic in Germany, and has thrived under this way of thinking. Founded in 1919, the Bauhaus has become an essential place for the development of ideas regarding the unification of art, crafts and design - an idea that has come to be known as Gesamtkunstwerk.